Human Rights

Human rights are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in local, regional, national, and international law.

Human rights can be classified and organized in a number of different ways, at an international level the most common categorisation of human rights has been to split them into civil and political rights, and economic, social and cultural rights.

All the Countries show their concern for Violations of Human Rights through some mode either directly or by media. Some of the countries will also support the countries were Human Rights is not followed and will also protect them.

Human Rights and Duties in India

Assuring the dignity of the Individual

  • The preamble says that the state in India will assure the dignity of the individual. The constitution seeks to achieve this object by guaranteeing
  • Equal fundamental rights to each citizen
  • The right to adequate means of livelihood to each individual
  • Just and humane conditions of work to each individual
  • Equal wages for equal work to each individual irrespective of sex

Guarantees under the Indian Constitution

  • Right to Equality
  • Right to Freedom
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to Freedom of Religion
  • Right of Life
  • Cultural and Educational Rights
  • Right to Property

International law allows for the fact that making economic, social and cultural rights a reality can only be achieved progressively over time. However, the duty of governments to respect and protect these rights and to ensure freedom from discrimination is immediate. Governments must not discriminate in their laws, policies or practices and must prioritize the most vulnerable when allocating resources.